Rwandan genocide: French probe reviews attack that sparked terror
As a new probe reverses an earlier French investigation on the event that sparked the Rwandan genocide, shifting the focus from Tutsi rebels to Hutu extremists, François Picard’s panel argues over whether, in the past, there has been a cover-up.
A new report reveals who was behind the assassination which led to genocide. But it leaves France with many questions to answer.
Few events have been the subject of as many rumours and lies as the assassination on 6 April 1994 of Rwanda's President Juvénal Habyarimana.
The wreckage of the plane that was shot down killing Rwanda's president Juvénal Habyarimana in 1994. Photograph: AP/Jean Marc Boujou
We may never know the identity of the assassins who fired the two missiles that blew his jet apart as it came in to land at Kigali International Airport; yet this one key event signalled the targeted elimination of Rwanda's political opposition, and triggered the genocide of the Tutsi people.
Read more: Rwanda: at last we know the truth
Events in Rwanda in 1994 mark a landmark in the history of modern genocide. Up to one million people were killed in a planned public and political campaign. In the face of indisputable evidence, the Security Council of the United Nations failed to respond.
In this classic of investigative journalism, Linda Melvern tells the compelling story of what happened.
She holds governments to account, showing how individuals could have prevented what was happening and didn't do so. The book also reveals the unrecognised heroism of those who stayed on during the genocide, volunteer peacekeepers and those who ran emergency medical care.
Fifteen years on, this new edition examines the ongoing impact of the 1948 Genocide Convention and the shock waves Rwanda caused around the world. Based on fresh interviews with key players and newly-released documents, A People Betrayed is a shocking indictment of the way Rwanda is and was forgotten and how today it is remembered in the West.
A People Betrayed contains a full narrative account of how the genocide unfolded.
It describes its scale, speed and intensity. The combination of revelations about the complicity of western nations, the failure to intervene, and the suppression of information about what was actually happening, is a shocking indictment, not just of the UN Security Council, but even more so of governments and individual who could have prevented what was happening but chose not to do so.
The United Nations, which fifty years ago resolved that genocide never happened again, not only failed to prevent it happening in Rwanda, but, as this book shows, international funds intended to help the Rwandan economy actually helped to create the conditions that made the genocide possible.
The best overall account of the background to the genocide, and the failure to prevent it...the investigation is hers, and hers alone. She discovered so much that we did not know.
Lt-.General Romeo Dallaire. Force Commander UN Assistance Mission for Rwanda, (UNAMIR) 1994.